It is important to ensure that everyone on site is aware of the traffic routes for both vehicles and pedestrians, and speed limits on site. Each year several workers are killed and many more suffer serious injury as a result of accidents involving vehicles on sites.
The law states that “companies must organise a construction site so that vehicles and pedestrians using site routes can move around safely”.
When planning the routes around your site, ensure that they are suitable for their intended purpose, vehicles and pedestrians need to be segregated, and routes need to allow adequate space for vehicles to manoeuvre and be adequately signposted.
Inadequate planning and separation of vehicle and pedestrian routes is the main factor in many of the accidents.
When planning routes systems on site consider the following to reduce the risk of accidents:
- Provide induction training for all drivers, workers and visitors and ensure that they are fully aware of site rules / routes.
- Provide separate entrances and exits for pedestrians and vehicles.
- Where possible use one-way systems and avoid the need for vehicles to reverse, if vehicles are going to need to reverse / turn around on site, ensure they have good visibility, use mirrors, CCTV cameras, reversing alarms and if needs be using a Banksman.
- Pedestrian routes should be as direct as possible, the walkways themselves need to be on firm level ground and have good drainage.
- If a walkway, has to cross a roadway, ensure that the crossing is clearly signposted (for both pedestrians and vehicles) and well lit.
- Ensure that pedestrians using the walkways are wearing appropriate hi-vis clothing.
- Ensure that vehicles leaving site will have a clear view of any public footpaths they will be crossing and can see clearly onto the road that they will be joining.
- Ensure that walkways are not obstructed so that pedestrians do not end up on the vehicle route to avoid the obstruction.
- Where possible place a physical barrier / rail between the vehicle and pedestrians routes.
- Limit the number of vehicles on site, schedule deliveries at set times, arrange for workers and visitors to park away from site.
- Limit the amount of movement around the site, have areas that waste is placed to be removed and a separate area for deliveries.
- Ensure that drivers are qualified and competent to operate the vehicles they are using, carry out checks prior to them starting and ensure they are following site rules and risk assessments, provide regular toolbox talks to keep information fresh in drivers minds.
- Only used trained, competent banksmen / signallers onsite and ensure that visiting drivers are aware of site rules and areas that banksmen will be required.
- Ensure all routes, speed limits, crossings, entrances and exits are clearly signposted.
- Ensure there is adequate lighting throughout site so that drivers and pedestrians can easily see each other, bear in mind additional lighting may be needed in winter months. This will also help to reduce the slip, trip and falls accidents on site!
If you need help with a site audit to check compliance at your depot or operating centre, please get in touch with firstname.lastname@example.org or call 0345 9001312.
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